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A 150-year variation of the Kuroshio transport inferred from coral nitrogen isotope signature

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Title: A 150-year variation of the Kuroshio transport inferred from coral nitrogen isotope signature
Authors: Yamazaki, Atsuko Browse this author
Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Browse this author
Tsunogai, Urumu Browse this author
Iwase, Fumihito Browse this author
Yamano, Hiroya Browse this author
Keywords: coral skeletons
nitrogen isotopes
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Paleoceanography
Volume: 31
Issue: 6
Start Page: 838
End Page: 846
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2015PA002880
Abstract: The Kuroshio Current is a major global ocean current that drives the physical ocean-atmosphere system with heat transport from tropical to temperate zones in the North Pacific Ocean. We reconstructed the variability of the Kuroshio transport over the past 150years using coral skeletal nitrogen isotopic composition (N-15(coral)). A 150year N-15(coral) record (1859-2008 A.D.) is 4 times the length of the observational record (1971 to present) and could provide a direct comparison with global climate change, such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) index and El-Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), through recent global warming. Coral cores from Porites were collected from Tatsukushi Bay in 2008 on the Pacific coast of Japan, which is located on the northern front of the Kuroshio Current. N-15(coral) was used as a proxy to record the N-15 of nitrate (N-15(nitrate)) controlled by the upwelling of subtropical subsurface water (N-15(nitrate); similar to+2-+3), and N-15(coral) was negatively correlated with observations of the Kuroshio transport (R=-0.69, P<0.001) and the 2year lagged PDO index (R=-0.63, P<0.005) from 1972 to 2007. The 150year record of N-15(coral) suggested that the Kuroshio transport varied with similar to 25year cycle, and the amplitude became more stable, and the volume was intensified through the twentieth century. The Kuroshio transport was intensified by the La Nina state in the early 1900s and by the El Nino-PDO state after the 1920s. Our results suggested that the Kuroshio transport was influenced by the combined climate modes of ENSO and PDO during the last century.
Rights: 2016. American Geophysical Union | All rights reserved
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 山崎 敦子

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