HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc >

Enzyme Activities of the Ceramide Synthases CERS2-6 Are Regulated by Phosphorylation in the C-terminal Region

Files in This Item:
manuscript.pdf1.87 MBPDFView/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/64941

Title: Enzyme Activities of the Ceramide Synthases CERS2-6 Are Regulated by Phosphorylation in the C-terminal Region
Authors: Sassa, Takayuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hirayama, Taisuke Browse this author
Kihara, Akio Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2016
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Journal Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBC)
Volume: 291
Issue: 14
Start Page: 7477
End Page: 7487
Publisher DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.695858
Abstract: Ceramide and complex sphingolipids regulate important cellular functions including cell growth, apoptosis, and signaling. Dysregulation of sphingolipid metabolism leads to pathological consequences such as sphingolipidoses and insulin resistance. Ceramides in mammals vary greatly in their acyl-chain composition: six different ceramide synthase isozymes (CERS1-6) that exhibit distinct substrate specificity and tissue distribution account for this diversity. In the present study, we demonstrated that CERS2-6 were phosphorylated at the cytoplasmic C-terminal regions. Most of the phosphorylated residues conformed to a consensus motif for phosphorylation by casein kinase 2 (CK2), and treatment of cells with the CK2-specific inhibitor CX-4945 lowered the phosphorylation levels of CERS2, -4, -5, and -6. Phosphorylation of CERS2 was especially important for its catalytic activity, acting mainly by increasing its V-max value. Phosphorylation modestly increased the catalytic activities of CERS4 and -5 and mildly increased those of CERS3 and -6. Dephosphorylation of endogenous ceramide synthases in the mouse brain led to severely reduced activity toward the Cers2 substrates C22:0/C24:0-CoAs and modestly reduced activity toward the Cers5/6 substrate C16:0-CoA. These results suggest that the phosphorylation of ceramide synthases may be a key regulatory point in the control of the distribution and levels of sphingolipids of various acyl-chain lengths.
Rights: This research was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Takayuki Sassa, Taisuke Hirayama and Akio Kihara. Enzyme Activities of the Ceramide Synthases CERS2-6 Are Regulated by Phosphorylation in the C-terminal Region. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2016; Vol.291:7477-7487. ©the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/64941
Appears in Collections:薬学研究院 (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 木原 章雄

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar )

MathJax is now OFF:


 

Feedback - Hokkaido University