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高等教育ジャーナル = Journal of Higher Education and Lifelong Learning >
第24号 >

Critical Thinking and Normative Competencies for Sustainability Science Education

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タイトル: Critical Thinking and Normative Competencies for Sustainability Science Education
その他のタイトル: サステイナビリティ学教育に対するクリティカル・シンキング的と規範的コンピテンシー
著者: Andrew, KOMASINSKI 著作を一覧する
Gakushi, Ishimura 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2017年 3月
出版者: 北海道大学高等教育推進機構
誌名: 高等教育ジャーナル : 高等教育と生涯学習 = Journal of Higher Education and Lifelong Learning
巻: 24
開始ページ: 21
終了ページ: 37
抄録: In this paper, we extend the competencies framework of education for sustainability development (ESD) to argue that critical thinking should be taught as a core competency and that normative dialogue functions as a key competency. We then develop a pedagogy for teaching these competencies, reviewing the results of our teaching implementation, and drawing conclusions about the effectiveness of both the framework and the pedagogy. We establish the need for education in critical thinking and normative dialogue by rehearsing and building on the history of ESD. We begin by looking at how ESD has focused on competencies to solve wickedly complex problems. In light of this, we propose critical thinking as a core competency necessary for tackling these difficult issues outside of the expertise of specific fields. Building on the Delphi report of the American Philosophical Association, we suggest that this can be accomplished when critical thinking is understood as purposeful, self-reflective judgment that also evaluates the considerations used in making such judgments. We also show that normative dialogue is necessary to bridge disagreements in complex human problems, and should thus function as a key competency. We then turn to our pedagogical approach, which involves teaching critical thinking through introductory sentential logic and fostering normative dialogue skills by familiarizing students with frameworks from both philosophical ethics and contemporary frameworks for human rights. We then describe our implementation at the Center for Sustainability Science of Hokkaido University as four sessions in an Environmental Ethics course. Using pre- and post-test surveys, we then evaluate the effectiveness of our curriculum and hold that our pedagogy needs revision to require more student work as it failed to produce the competencies we sought to foster. Finally, we conclude that further work can be done to refine the theoretical framework as well, clarifying the sort of critical thinking that is necessary for ESD, and considering additional tools to help students better engage in normative dialogue.
資料タイプ: bulletin (article)


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