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Evapotranspiration of tropical peat swamp forests

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Title: Evapotranspiration of tropical peat swamp forests
Authors: Hirano, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kusin, Kitso Browse this author
Limin, Suwido Browse this author
Osaki, Mitsuru Browse this author
Keywords: disturbances
eddy covariance
energy balance
groundwater level
Southeast Asia
Issue Date: May-2015
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Journal Title: Global Change Biology
Volume: 21
Issue: 5
Start Page: 1914
End Page: 1927
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12653
PMID: 24912043
Abstract: Abstract:In Southeast Asia, peatland is widely distributed and has accumulated a massive amount of soil carbon, coexisting with peat swamp forest (PSF). The peatland, however, has been rapidly degraded by deforestation, fires and drainage for the last two decades. Such disturbances change hydrological conditions, typically groundwater level (GWL), and accelerate oxidative peat decomposition. Evapotranspiration (ET) is a major determinant of GWL, whereas information on the ET of PSF is limited. Therefore, we measured ET using the eddy covariance technique for four to six years between 2002 and 2009, including El Niño and La Niña events, at three sites in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The sites were different in disturbance degree: a PSF with little drainage (UF), a heavily drained PSF (DF) and a drained burnt ex-PSF (DB); GWL was significantly lowered at DF, especially in the dry season. The ET showed a clear seasonal variation with a peak in the mid-dry season and a large decrease in the late dry season, mainly following seasonal variation in net radiation (Rn). The Rn drastically decreased with dense smoke from peat fires in the late dry season. Annual ET forced to close energy balance for four years was 1636 ± 53, 1553 ± 117 and 1374 ± 75 mm yr-1 (mean ± 1 standard deviation), respectively, at UF, DF and DB. The undrained PSF (UF) had high and rather stable annual ET, independently of El Niño and La Niña events, in comparison with other tropical rainforests. The minimum monthly-mean GWL explained 80% of interannual variation in ET for the forest sites (UF and DF); the positive relationship between ET and GWL indicates that drainage by a canal decreased ET at DF through lowering GWL. In addition, ET was decreased by 16% at DB in comparison with UF chiefly because of vegetation loss through fires.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Global Change Biology 2015 May;21(5):1914-1927], which has been published in final form at [10.1111/gcb.12653]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 平野 高司

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