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地域経済システムの創出とNPO : 北海道グリーンファンドの社会変革モデルを事例に

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Title: 地域経済システムの創出とNPO : 北海道グリーンファンドの社会変革モデルを事例に
Other Titles: Role of Nonprofit Organizations in Creating the Local Economic System : Focus on the Social Reform Model of the Hokkaido Green Fund
Authors: 加藤, 知愛1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Kato, Tomoe1
Keywords: nonprofit organization
local economic system
collaborative network and platform
social reform model
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: 日本NPO学会
Journal Title: ノンプロフィット・レビュー : 日本NPO学会機関誌
Journal Title(alt): The nonprofit review : the journal of the Japan NPO Research Association
Volume: 17
Issue: 1
Start Page: 63
End Page: 75
Publisher DOI: 10.11433/janpora.17.63
Abstract: Nonprofit organizations (NPOs) are expected to lead the local economy and contribute to local society by implementing changes. The Hokkaido Green Fund (HGF) was established in 1999. Since 2001, 18 citizen-financed windmills have been built, which are operating in Hokkaido, Aomori, Akita, Chiba, Ibaraki, and Ishikawa prefectures. The HGF's policy and business model, as expressed in its “Community Wind Farm Projects” in regional areas, has caused changes in the social structure, making it possible to form “collaborative networks and platforms” between public and private sectors and integrate the divergent renewable energy policies of the national and local governments. Its major challenge is to simultaneously secure profits and maintain autonomy. People have a chance to establish a sustainable living standard by purchasing HGF's product, i.e., wind-power generated energy. The HGF's practical case provides local governments with useful knowledge in reforming their own local economic system. It is a sustainable local management model developed by an NPO working with other sectors that incorporates a new local economy into the existing political and economic system.
1999年に札幌市に設立され,経営力を強化しながら地域需要型の再生可能エネルギー事業を推進する NPO 法人北海道グリーンファンド(以下HGFとする)は,NPOが直面する壁を突破し,事業を通じて地域コミュニティ形成事業に貢献してきた.HGFの事業モデルには,社会変革性,「協働性のネットワーク・プラットフォーム」の形成機能が内在する.HGFは,地域需要型の再生可能エネルギーマーケットを堀り起こし,風力発電エネルギーを供給する.人々は,HGFが提供する風力発電エネルギー(プロダクツ)の購入を通して,「自らの暮らしを創る営み」を選択している.本実践事例は,非営利組織が,複数のセクターに働きかけて形成された,既存の政治・経済システムに新しい地域経済を組み込んでいく地域経営モデルである.HGFによる実践事例は,各地域の自治体が地域経済システムを形成する際に役立つ知見を提供している.
Rights: 本論文は、日本NPO学会より許諾を頂いて転載するものです。This paper was published in The nonprofit review : the journal of the Japan NPO Research Association, Vol. 17, Number 1, pp. 63-75 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of Japan NPO Research Association.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:国際広報メディア・観光学院,メディア・コミュニケーション研究院 (Graduate School of International Media, Communication and Tourism Studies / Research Faculty of Media and Communication) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 加藤 知愛

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