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Analysis of partially penetrating slug tests in a stratified formation by alternating piezometer and tube methods

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タイトル: Analysis of partially penetrating slug tests in a stratified formation by alternating piezometer and tube methods
著者: Sakata, Yoshitaka 著作を一覧する
Imai, Toshikazu 著作を一覧する
Ikeda, Ryuji 著作を一覧する
Nishigaki, Makoto 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Slug tests
Partially penetrating well
Hydraulic conductivity
Sensitivity analysis
Numerical simulation
Heterogeneity
発行日: 2015年 9月
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Journal of Hydrology
巻: 528
開始ページ: 385
終了ページ: 396
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.06.019
抄録: In partially penetrating slug tests, hydraulic conductivity (K) estimates might not necessarily be valid because of vertical flows in heterogeneous formations. We assess the error in hypothetical stratified formations by numerical sensitivity analysis, and propose an effective method for compensation by incorporating two types of casing configuration (piezometer and tube). The hypothetical stratified formation consists of completely horizontal layers, each 1 m thick; the permeability is different between, but not within, layers. In this study, conductivity estimates in the piezometer and tube methods are calculated by assigning various patterns of conductivity to the test, upper, and lower layers: KT, KU, and KL. The effect of vertical flow becomes significant when KT is small relative to KU or KL, and KL is more important than KU because the base of the borehole is open to the lower formation. The conductivity ratios (estimate over actual value) are treated as approximately linearly dependent on logarithms of KT/KU and KT/KL, so that conductivity estimates can be straightforwardly derived from one piezometer measurement and two tube measurements at the top and bottom of the screen. The linear relations are evaluated and constant parameters are determined under specific conditions. This study also recommends alternating piezometer and tube methods in the drilling procedure because the actual variation of K with depth is larger than that found using isolated measurements, as shown in a field study of alluvial fan gravel deposits in Sapporo, Japan.
Rights: © 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/67070
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 阪田 義隆

 

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