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Computed tomography (CT)-assessed bronchodilation induced by inhaled indacaterol and glycopyrronium/indacaterol in COPD

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Title: Computed tomography (CT)-assessed bronchodilation induced by inhaled indacaterol and glycopyrronium/indacaterol in COPD
Authors: Shimizu, Kaoruko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Seto, Ruriko Browse this author
Makita, Hironi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Masaru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Konno, Satoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ito, Yoichi M. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kanda, Rie Browse this author
Ogawa, Emiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakano, Yasutaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nishimura, Masaharu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Bronchodilation
β2 agonists
Anticholinergics
Pulmonary function tests
Three-dimensional computed tomography
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Respiratory medicine
Volume: 119
Start Page: 70
End Page: 77
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2016.08.020
PMID: 27692151
Abstract: Background: Our previous studies suggested that the site of bronchodilation on CT might differ between inhaled β2 agonists and inhaled anticholinergics in COPD. Aim: To assess and compare the bronchodilation effects of inhaled indacaterol and glycopyrronium/indacaterol by airway generation in large airways using CT. Methods: CT scans at full inspiration and pulmonary function tests were done in 25 patients with moderate-severe COPD before and 4-5 weeks after daily inhalation of indacaterol and again another 4-5 weeks after inhalation of glycopyrronium/indacaterol. Airway inner luminal area (Ai) at the 3rd (segmental) to 6th generation of 8 selected bronchi, a total of 32 sites, in the right lung was analyzed on 3 occasions. Our proprietary software enables us to select the same airways and the same measurement sites for comparison, with simultaneous confirmation using two screens on the computer. Results: The overall increase of Ai (ΔAi, %) averaged at all 32 measurement sites induced by glycopyrronium/indacaterol had a significant correlation with FEV1 improvement (r=0.7466, p<0.0001). Both ΔAi, % with indacaterol and ΔAi, % with additional glycopyrronium were significant at the 3rd to 6th generations. Remarkable increases in ΔAi, % were found at the 5th and 6th generations in several subjects with indacaterol or additional glycopyrronium. There were no significant site-differences in the bronchodilation pattern caused by indacaterol and by glycopyrronium/indacaterol at any of the 3rd to 6th generations. Conclusions: Additional bronchodilation with glycopyrronium was demonstrated by CT at the 3rd to 6th generations, with no site-specific differences in bronchodilation between indacaterol and glycopyrronium/indacaterol. This study was registered in the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR) system (http://www.umin.ac.jp/. ID. UMIN000012043).
Rights: © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/67226
Appears in Collections:北海道大学病院 (Hokkaido University Hospital) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 清水 薫子

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