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Multiple attentional sets while monitoring rapid serial visual presentations

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Title: Multiple attentional sets while monitoring rapid serial visual presentations
Authors: Kawahara, Jun I. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kumada, Takatsune Browse this author
Keywords: Attention and memory
Attentional set
Cognitive control
Visual attention
Issue Date: 11-Oct-2016
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
Volume: 70
Issue: 11
Start Page: 2271
End Page: 2289
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1231827
PMID: 27603438
Abstract: The present study examined whether observers are able to establish multiple attentional sets to concurrently monitor two different spatial locations. Observers identified a target letter in red or cyan among nontarget letters of other heterogeneous colours during a temporal feature search. A peripheral distractor display consisted of one item of either the same colour as the current target, and the other potential target colour, or an irrelevant colour that could never be the target. They identified an odd-ball colour letter among homogenous colours during a singleton search. The results revealed that observers maintained multiple attentional sets for detecting two singletons or for targets involving two (or three) features. However, they were unable to maintain a mixture of sets. Moreover, exposure to a distractor containing feature that corresponded to a feature of the current target was advantageous for target identification. The presence or absence of this set-specific capture depended on top-down knowledge and did not occur automatically in the singleton-detection stream. These results demonstrate a limitation in the flexibility of attentional sets. Although two singleton detections were possible, multiple attentional templates for a more complex attentional set could not be maintained concurrently when monitoring multiple rapid serial visual presentations.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Quarterly journal of experimental psychology on 11/10/2016, available online:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:文学院・文学研究院 (Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences / Faculty of Humanities and Human Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 河原 純一郎

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