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Acoustic alterations of ultrasonic vocalization in rat pups induced by perinatal hypothyroidism

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タイトル: Acoustic alterations of ultrasonic vocalization in rat pups induced by perinatal hypothyroidism
著者: Wada, Hiromi 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Auditory function
Hearing deficits
Ultrasonic vocalization
Rat pup
発行日: 2017年 3月
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Neurotoxicology
巻: 59
開始ページ: 175
終了ページ: 182
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuro.2016.05.017
抄録: Perinatal hypothyroidism causes serious damage to auditory functions that are essential for vocalization development. In rat pups, perinatal hypothyroidism potentially affects the development of ultrasonic vocalization (USV) as a result of hearing deficits. This study examined the effect of perinatal hypothyroidism on the development of USVs in rat pups. Twelve pregnant rats were divided into three groups and treated with the anti-thyroid drug methimazole (MMI) via drinking water, from gestational day 15 to postnatal day (PND) 21. The MMI concentration (w/v) was 0% (control group), 0.01% (low-dose group), or 0.015% (high-dose group). After birth, the pups were individually separated from the dam and littermates on PNDs 5, 10, 15, and 20, and their USVs were recorded for 5 min. On PNDs 5 and 10, compared with the control group, the low- and high-dose groups exhibited reductions of both frequency modulated and downward USVs. On PND 15, however, the low- and high-dose groups displayed increases in number, duration, and amplitude of USVs compared with those in the control group. Lower body weights were observed for the low- and high-dose groups than for the control group. Total thyroxine concentrations in plasma were dose-dependently reduced. The onset of auditory functions appeared on PNDs 11-14. Thus, the rat pups were unable to hear externally produced USVs before PND 11. USVs emitted on PNDs 5 and 10 might have been spontaneous and independent of the pups' own or littermate-emitted USVs. The developmental retardation of vocalization-related organs or muscles might underlie the acoustic alterations of USVs on PNDs 5 and 10. The greater number, duration, and amplitude of USVs on PND 15, after which the hearing onset occurred, suggested that the elevation of auditory thresholds occurred as a result of hearing deficits in the low- and high-dose groups. Perinatal hypothyroidism appears to have caused acoustic alterations in the USV development. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Rights: © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
資料タイプ: article (author version)
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 和田 博美


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