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Effect of aluminum hydrolyte species on human enterovirus removal from water during the coagulation process

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Title: Effect of aluminum hydrolyte species on human enterovirus removal from water during the coagulation process
Authors: Shirasaki, N. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Matsushita, T. Browse this author
Matsui, Y. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Marubayashi, T. Browse this author
Keywords: Aluminum hydrolyte species
Charge neutralization
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 284
Start Page: 786
End Page: 793
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.09.045
Abstract: We prepared different types of aluminum-based coagulants, consisting of mainly monomeric aluminum species, polymeric aluminum species, or colloidal aluminum species, to investigate the effect of aluminum hydrolyte species on the removal of two types of human enteroviruses, poliovirus (PV) type 1 and the free-chlorine-resistant virus coxsackievirus (CV) B5, from lake and river water samples during the coagulation process. We found that differences in the distribution of the aluminum hydrolyte species in the coagulant affected the removal of these enteroviruses during coagulation: the removal ratios of PV and CV observed with polyaluminum chloride (PACl) with a high colloidal aluminum content and a basicity of 2.1 (i.e., PACl-2.1c) were larger than those observed with high monomeric aluminum content coagulant (i.e., AlCl3 solution) and with high polymeric aluminum content coagulant PACl (PACl-2.1b). Unlike AlCl3 or PACl-2.1b, PACl-2.1c contains Al30 species, indicating that Al30 species probably play a major role in the removal of enteroviruses. The PV and CV removal ratios were almost identical, regardless of the coagulant type or viral quantification method used (plaque-forming unit method or real-time polymerase chain reaction method), suggesting that PV and CV behaved similarly during the coagulation process. We also experimentally confirmed that the main mechanism for virus removal was coprecipitation into growing aluminum hydroxide during charge neutralization; virus adsorption onto formed aluminum hydroxide flocs also contributed to virus removal, but played a limited role.
Rights: ©2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 松井 佳彦

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