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Prevention of Catastrophic Volcanic Eruptions, Large Earthquakes underneath Big Cities, and Giant Earthquakes at Subduction Zones

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タイトル: Prevention of Catastrophic Volcanic Eruptions, Large Earthquakes underneath Big Cities, and Giant Earthquakes at Subduction Zones
著者: Fujii, Yoshiaki 著作を一覧する
Sheshpari, Morteza 著作を一覧する
Kodama, Jun-ichi 著作を一覧する
Fukuda, Daisuke 著作を一覧する
Dassanayake, Anjula BN 著作を一覧する
キーワード: prevention
catastrophic volcanic eruptions
large earthquakes underneath big cities
giant earthquakes at subduction zones
発行日: 2018年 6月 7日
出版者: MDPI
誌名: Sustainability
巻: 10
号: 6
開始ページ: 1908
出版社 DOI: 10.3390/su10061908
抄録: Catastrophic volcanic eruptions, large earthquakes beneath big cities, or giant earthquakes at subduction zones are apparently the biggest problems facing the sustainability of human society. However, imminent prediction methods for these events have never been established, except that volcanic eruptions can only be predicted by exceptional efforts by dedicated researchers. Even if a prediction method has been established, the method cannot significantly reduce infrastructure damage, although it could slightly reduce the number of fatalities. On the other hand, prevention of eruptions or earthquakes could significantly reduce, not only the number of fatalities, but also infrastructure damage. Therefore, the authors propose (1) gradual energy release by supercritical power generation to prevent catastrophic eruptions; (2) gradual seismic energy release by injecting water into seismic sources to prevent large earthquakes beneath big cities; and (3) exploding existing nuclear warheads underground to prevent giant earthquakes at subduction zones. Necessary technical developments, costs, risks, and problems will also be explained.
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70693
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 藤井 義明

 

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