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Geochemical and Microstructural Signals in Giant Clam Tridacna maxima Recorded Typhoon Events at Okinotori Island, Japan

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Title: Geochemical and Microstructural Signals in Giant Clam Tridacna maxima Recorded Typhoon Events at Okinotori Island, Japan
Authors: Komagoe, Taro Browse this author
Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shirai, Kotaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yamazaki, Atsuko Browse this author
Uematu, Mitsuo Browse this author
Keywords: giant clam
oxygen isotope ratio
trace elements
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of geophysical research biogeosciences
Volume: 123
Issue: 5
Start Page: 1460
End Page: 1474
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2017JG004082
Abstract: To validate the usability of the giant clam shell as a recorder of short-term environmental changes such as typhoons, we collected a live Tridacna maxima from Okinotori Island, Japan, on 15 June 2006. Growth increment thickness, stable isotope ratio (O-18(shell), C-13(shell)), and the barium/calcium ratio (Ba/Ca) in the T.maxima shell sample were measured and compared to Okinotori Island instrumental environmental data. In the outer layer of the shell sample, there were 3656 growth increments per year, as estimated by the O-18(shell) profile compared with sea surface temperature. The growth increments in the specimen were formed daily, and thus, we can determine the date of the sampling points of O-18(shell), C-13(shell) and the Ba/Ca ratio by counting growth increments. After typhoon approach, there is a decrease in increment thickness and some disturbed growth increments. The positive peaks in the shell Ba/Ca ratio and O-18(shell) corresponded to lower sea surface temperature caused by typhoons. These results indicated that the microstructural and geochemical record in Tridacna maxima shells could be useful for detecting past typhoon events.
Rights: Copyright 2018 American Geophysical Union
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡邊 剛

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