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Title: ユニバーサル・デザインから見た空港の品質
Other Titles: Airport terminals examined with respect to universal design
Authors: ダーリング 常田, 益代 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 30-Mar-2007
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア研究科, 北海道大学言語文化部
Journal Title: 大学院国際広報メディア研究科・言語文化部紀要
Journal Title(alt): Media, language and culture
Volume: 52
Start Page: 101
End Page: 122
Abstract: Today air travel is for everybody, and airport terminal design has become inextricably interwoven with economics, tourism, politics, diplomacy, demography, and environment. Nevertheless, passengers of all ages and physical abilities experience a terminal building as a sequential process from arrival at the terminal, through ticketing, security check, passport control, and then proceeding to the gate and finally onto airplane. Passengers, hence, have to move spatially and temporally through the building. Airport terminals, therefore, should be designed in such a way that all passengers can go through this as quickly, comfortably, and independently as possible. This article examines, first, how to achieve user-friendly design of a terminal building by introducing three Universal Design paradigms for air terminals: Hong Kong Interna­tional Airport (Chek Lap Kok), Munich International Airport (Terminal 1 & 2), and Kansai International Airport. These three examples demonstrate how to reduce the walking distance (horizontal movement) and the time required for boarding or transfer by integrat­ing the terminals with public transportation, and by thoughtfully distributing various functions to different levels. These terminals also demonstrate how to ease level changes (vertical movement) by effective use of ramps and elevators. We can also see from these buildings how openness and transparency of space as well as maximum use of natural light also help passengers' orientation. Secondly, this article stresses the importance of way-finding sign systems that not only lead passengers to their final destinations but also help passengers with limited physical abilities to move through the terminal building as independently as possible. In this regard, elevators as a device for level change and way-finding signs have to be planned together. References to the masterpiece of way-finding sign systems designed by Paul Mijksenaar for the Schiphol Airport, Amsterdam, serve as a guide to several practical suggestions for the design and installation of such infographic signs. Lastly, Narita and Haneda Airports are examined with respect to Universal Design and several proposals are made for improvements of observed problems.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:国際広報メディア・観光学院,メディア・コミュニケーション研究院 (Graduate School of International Media, Communication and Tourism Studies / Research Faculty of Media and Communication) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 常田 益代

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