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Title: アンモニアガスによる溶鋼の脱銅
Other Titles: Elimination of Copper from Molten Steel by Ammonia Gas Blowing
Authors: 日谷, 知嗣1 Browse this author
竹村, 康司2 Browse this author
鈴木, 亮輔3 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
小野, 勝敏4 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Hidani, Toshitsugu1
Takemura, Koji2
Suzuki, Ryosuke O.3
Ono, Katsutoshi4
Keywords: secondary steel making
elimination of copper
ammonia gas
reduced pressure
Issue Date: 1-Feb-1996
Publisher: 日本鉄鋼協会
Journal Title: 鉄と鋼
Volume: 82
Issue: 2
Start Page: 135
End Page: 140
Publisher DOI: 10.2355/tetsutohagane1955.82.2_135
Abstract: Based on the finding that blowing of NH3 gas onto molten pure copper at atmospheric pressure causes its evaporation of enormously high rate, attempts have been made on elimination of copper dissolved in molten steel by NH3 gas blowing under reduced pressure. Typical behaviors of molten steel by NH3 gas are boiling, splashing and in a violent case slopping from the crucible. Evaporation from liquid pure copper by top-blowing of NH3 was observed by the laser-light sheet method and it was confirmed that a large amount of copper smoke takes off from the molten surface attacked by NH3 gas. The condensates of the smoke were fine copper particles. The decuprization experiments have been conducted to measure the rate at which the copper level in the molten steel is reduced by using a vacuum induction furnace and blowing NH3 gas through a vertical water-cooled copper nozzle. For comparison, the rate of copper elimination from a small molten steel droplet has also been determined. From these experiments the rate constant for copper elimination from a flat and smooth surface of molten steel was the order of 2 × 10-3m·min-1 at 1900 K and the pressure range of 10010000Pa. Because the boiling phenomena are accompanied by an immense increase in the surface area from which volatile species are able to evaporate, NH3 gas blowing may be useful to reduce the decuprization time. Nitrogen concentration in the molten steel increases with increasing the flow rate of NH3 gas. It was reduced down to the initial level by vacuum degassing after stopping NH3 gas blowing.
Rights: 著作権は日本鉄鋼協会にある
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 鈴木 亮輔

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