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|Other Titles: ||Production of Titanium Powders by the Calciothermic Reduction of TiO2|
|Authors: ||小野, 勝敏1 Browse this author|
|岡部, 徹2 Browse this author|
|小川, 正人3 Browse this author|
|鈴木, 亮輔4 Browse this author →KAKEN DB|
|Authors(alt): ||Ono, Katsutoshi1|
|Suzuki, Ryosuke. O.4|
|Keywords: ||direct reduction|
|Issue Date: ||1-Apr-1990|
|Journal Title: ||鉄と鋼|
|Start Page: ||568|
|End Page: ||575|
|Publisher DOI: ||10.2355/tetsutohagane1955.76.4_568|
|Abstract: ||According to the measurements of equilibrium oxygen concentration in Ti under Ca-CaO co-existence, the deoxidation limit is 500 ppm at 1273 K. On the basis of these data, preparation of Ti powders have been carried out by reduction of TiO2 using saturated Ca vapors, liquid Ca and CaH2 powders at 1273 K and subsequent rinsing of CaO in the aqueous solution of HCl, CH3COOH or NH4Cl.
The oxygen and calcium levels in the Ti powders reduced by the saturated Ca vapors and the liquid Ca were not below 2000 and 1000 ppm, respectively. This was attributed to the CaO which were confined inside the sintered Ti particles and could not be exposed to the rinsing solution.
Reduction of the TiO2-CaO mixtures has led to the residual oxygen with the range of 1000-2000 ppm, thus the presence of CaO in the starting oxide was effective to control the sintering between reduced Ti powders. The particle size of the reduced Ti was 1-10μm.
Reduction of TiO2 by mixing with excess amount of CaH2 powders could eliminate oxygen below 700 ppm which is close to the deoxidation limit for Ti by Ca of activity of unity.|
|Appears in Collections:||工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)|
Submitter: 鈴木 亮輔