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Magma Plumbing System at Izu-Oshima Volcano, Japan: Constraints From Petrological and Geochemical Analyses

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Title: Magma Plumbing System at Izu-Oshima Volcano, Japan: Constraints From Petrological and Geochemical Analyses
Authors: Kuritani, Takeshi Browse this author
Yamaguchi, Azusa Browse this author
Fukumitsu, Sayuki Browse this author
Nakagawa, Mitsuhiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Matsumoto, Akiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yokoyama, Tetsuya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: active volcano
Izu-Oshima volcano
magma mixing
magma plumbing system
principal component analysis
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in earth science
Volume: 6
Start Page: UNSP 178
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/feart.2018.00178
Abstract: The Izu-Oshima volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan, and has generated relatively large-scale eruptions every 30-40 years for the past 200 years. As more than 30 years have passed since the last eruptions in 1986-87, volcanic activity is expected to resume in the near future. To help elucidate the current and future state of the volcano's magma system, the temporal evolution of the recent magma plumbing system was investigated through a petrological and geochemical analysis of its basaltic lavas and pyroclastics (<similar to 53 wt.% of SiO2) that were erupted during the last similar to 1.5 kyr. The basaltic products have variable phenocryst contents, ranging from similar to 0 to similar to 20 vol.%, and phenocryst-bearing samples commonly contain plagioclase, orthopyroxene, and clinopyroxene phenocrysts. The whole-rock compositions are significantly scattered in the Harker variation diagrams, suggesting that the compositional diversity was established by at least two independent magmatic processes. The application of principal component analysis on the whole-rock major element data suggests that one magmatic process was crystal fractionation of crystal-poor magmas, and the other process was either plagioclase accumulation or mixing of plagioclase-rich magmas. Based on this observation, and combined with the petrological analysis and previous geophysical studies, we propose that aphyric magmas, stored in an 8-10 km-deep magma chamber, progressively differentiated over time from the 7th to 20th century. Furthermore, the compositional variations in basalts resulted from the mixing of the differentiating aphyric magmas with variable proportions of porphyritic magmas derived from a 13-18 km-deep magma chamber. Because recent eruptions have been triggered by the ascent of porphyritic magma from the 13-18 km-deep magma chamber, and its injection into the 8-10 km-deep magma chamber, it is important to monitor the deeper magma chamber to predict future volcanic activity.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 栗谷 豪

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