HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc >

Gas-Liquid Mass Transfer in Simulated Turbulent Wake Flow

Files in This Item:
16-T. Kumagai-4.01.pdf378.42 kBPDFView/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Gas-Liquid Mass Transfer in Simulated Turbulent Wake Flow
Authors: Kumagai, Takehiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Iguchi, Manabu Browse this author
Uemura, Tomomasa Browse this author
Yonehara, Noriyoshi Browse this author
Keywords: gas-liquid mass transfer
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2002
Publisher: Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Journal Title: ISIJ International
Volume: 42
Issue: 1
Start Page: 112
End Page: 114
Publisher DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.42.112
Abstract: In materials engineering, gas injection processes are frequently adopted to remove impurities such as oxygen and carbon. There are two types of gas dispersion patterns formed above the nozzle; bubbling and jetting. The former is realized when the gas velocity at the nozzle exit vn, is lower than the speed of sound, c, while the latter is realized for vn≧c and a gas column is formed on the nozzle. This column disintegrates into many bubbles with different diameters above a certain distance from the nozzle exit. Many bubbles are therefore generated in the molten metal bath regardless of the bubbling and jetting. The removal of impurities is closely associated with the dissolving rate of the gas into the bath. However, under such a highly turbulent condition it is difficult to evaluate the mass transfer coefficient between the bubbles and molten metal because the precise evaluation of the interfacial area is actually impossible. As the gas flow rate increases, mass transfer at the gas-liquid interface increases. However, it is not clear whether the mass flux at the gas-liquid interface is attributed to the enhancement of the interfacial are A or to the enhancement of the mass transfer coefficient k. Accordingly, previous researchers introduced the volumetric mass transfer coefficient defined as kA/V, where V is the bath volume. In a series of studies on gas injection, the authors have tried to elucidate the contributions of the interfacial area and the mass transfer coefficient to the volumetric mass transfer coefficient. The mass transfer coefficient at a gas-liquid interface exposed to two types of liquid jets shown in Figs. 1(a) and 1(b) were measured. CO2 gas was supplied with a syringe into a top lance to form a gas-liquid interface at the exit of the top lance. Accordingly, the gas-liquid interfacial area can be measured with sufficient accuracy. The flow fields around the gas-liquid interface thus exposed to the two types of jets are models for the flow fields around the top and side of a bubble rising in ha highly turbulent flow field. In this study the gas-liquid interface was exposed to a turbulent wake flow, as shown in Fig. 1(c). This study therefore is intended to clarify the mass transfer coefficient at the rear part of a bubble.
Rights: 著作権は日本鉄鋼協会にある
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 熊谷 剛彦

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar_1.0 )

MathJax is now OFF:


 - Hokkaido University