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Effects of Al and P Additions on As-cast Austenite Grain Structure in 0.2 mass% Carbon Steel

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Title: Effects of Al and P Additions on As-cast Austenite Grain Structure in 0.2 mass% Carbon Steel
Authors: Kencana, Surya Browse this author
Ohno, Munekazu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Matsuura, Kiyotaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Isobe, Kohichi Browse this author
Keywords: carbon steel
δ/γ transformation
grain refinement
pinning effect
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2010
Publisher: Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Journal Title: ISIJ International
Volume: 50
Issue: 12
Start Page: 1965
End Page: 1971
Publisher DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.50.1965
Abstract: Effects of addition of P and simultaneous additions of Al and P on as-cast γ grain structures of 0.2 mass% C steel have been investigated by means of permanent mold casting. The as-cast γ grain structure consists of Coarse Columnar Grain (CCG), Fine Columnar Grain (FCG) and Coarse Equiaxed Grain (CEG) regions from the mold side to center of the ingot. The single addition of P increases the FCG region in which short axis diameter of the columnar γ grain is comparable to the primary dendrite arm spacing. The simultaneous additions of Al and P also lead to refinement of the structure and, importantly, the complete refinement of the as-cast γ grain structure, viz., the structure without CCG and CEG regions was obtained even with a small amount of P addition when Al was added. The EPMA analysis showed that the refinement is associated with P segregation at interdendritic regions which is enhanced by Al addition. From thermodynamic calculation, it was demonstrated that high P concentrations stabilize δ and liquid phases at lower temperatures and produce the pinning effect on the growth of γ grains at interdendritic regions.
Rights: 著作権は日本鉄鋼協会にある
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 大野 宗一

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