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Microbial Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using a Native Inland Bacterium for Beach Sand Stabilization in Nearshore Areas

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Title: Microbial Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using a Native Inland Bacterium for Beach Sand Stabilization in Nearshore Areas
Authors: Nayanthara, Pahala Ge Nishadi Browse this author
Dassanayake, Anjula Buddhika Nayomi Browse this author
Nakashima, Kazunori Browse this author
Kawasaki, Satoru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: beach sand stabilization
coastal erosion
local ureolytic bacterium
microbial induced carbonate precipitation
crystal morphology
nearshore areas
Issue Date: 6-Aug-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Applied sciences
Volume: 9
Issue: 15
Start Page: 3201
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/app9153201
Abstract: Featured Application Coastal erosion is a natural process which poses serious problems to coastal communities worldwide. Hard engineering solutions are the most common defense mechanisms that have been used for a long time; although attention has now been inevitably given towards more ecologically and economically sustainable soft engineering approaches. Through this study, it is intended that a bioengineered solution be proposed against coastal erosion using bacterial biomineralization. However, the results presented in this paper are only from a bottom-line study and much more realistic investigations, including scaling up, should be carried out in the future. Abstract Microbial Induced Carbonate Precipitation (MICP) via urea hydrolysis is an emerging sustainable technology that provides solutions for numerous environmental and engineering problems in a vast range of disciplines. Attention has now been given to the implementation of this technique to reinforce loose sand bodies in-situ in nearshore areas and improve their resistance against erosion from wave action without interfering with its hydraulics. A current study has focused on isolating a local ureolytic bacterium and assessed its feasibility for MICP as a preliminary step towards stabilizing loose beach sand in Sri Lanka. The results indicated that a strain belonging to Sporosarcina sp. isolated from inland soil demonstrated a satisfactory level of enzymatic activity at 25 degrees C and moderately alkaline conditions, making it a suitable candidate for target application. Elementary scale sand solidification test results showed that treated sand achieved an approximate strength of 15 MPa as determined by needle penetration device after a period of 14 days under optimum conditions. Further, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) imagery revealed that variables such as grain size distribution, bacteria population, reactant concentrations and presence of other cations like Mg2+ has serious implications on the size and morphology of precipitated crystals and thus the homogeneity of the strength improvement.
Rights: © 2019 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/75607
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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