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J. Jap. Inst. Metals 52(11) 1103.pdf3.86 MBPDFView/Open
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Title: 一酸化炭素から純鉄板上へ析出した炭素の形態と繊維状炭素の析出機構
Other Titles: Morphology of Carbon Deposited from Carbon Monoxide and Mechanism of Formation of Carbon Fiber
Authors: 柏谷, 悦章1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
石井, 邦宜2 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Kashiwaya, Yoshiaki1
Ishii, Kuniyoshi2
Keywords: carbon deposition
formation of carbon fiber
iron carbide
decomposition of carbon monoxide morphology
Issue Date: Nov-1988
Publisher: 日本金属学会
Journal Title: 日本金属学会誌
Journal Title(alt): Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume: 52
Issue: 11
Start Page: 1103
End Page: 1112
Publisher DOI: 10.2320/jinstmet1952.52.11_1103
Abstract: The morphology and formation mechanism of carbon decomposed from CO gas on pure iron foil has been investigated at temperatures from 673 to 973 K. Carbon formed on iron foil consisted of two types of carbon, the particle-like carbon in the surface of the deposited layer and the fiberous one in the inner layer. On the other hand, the carbon deposited on powdery carbonyl iron was also fiberous. Thus the most of the precipitated carbon was fiberous. The carbon fiber had always a particle composed of C and Fe, so it appeared to grow from the particle acting as catalyst. The selected area diffraction (SAD) pattern of the particle was consistent with that of Fe-C (ASTM 3-0400), which has been known as the Fe-bearing graphite solid solution. The particle decomposed to the stable compound of Fe3C and ordinary graphite during annealing (773 K, 1.8×104 s) in He. A similar reaction proceeded under electron beam irradiation in an ultra-high voltage electron microscope (UHVEM), and it was found that the particle transformed to a stable phase through a Fe-C→Fe5C2→Fe3C process. It was also observed by the UHVEM that each fiber was composed of a finer texture of graphite. The angle between the graphite ⟨002⟩ and the direction of fiber growth was about 20° and ⟨002⟩(Fe-C)\varparallel⟨002⟩(graphite). The mechanism of growth of the fiber was considered from those experimental results as follows: (1) CO molecule adsorbs on Fe-C making the atmosphere around the Fe atom in catalyst. (2) The CO adsorbed decomposes to the carbon atom and CO2, and then the free carbon atom accumulates as intercalant between Fe-C(002) carbon planes. (3) As the intercalated carbon atoms increase, the atoms form a new A-stacking plane of Fe-C. (4) The old A-plane of Fe-C moves to the [111] direction, that is, the direction of fiber growth, and forms a new B-stacking plane of graphite. Then the growth axis and [002] of graphite make an angle of 20°, in good agreement with the value obtained by electron microscope observations.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 柏谷 悦章

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