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Gas flux cyclic regime at an open vent magmatic column inferred from seismic and acoustic records

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Title: Gas flux cyclic regime at an open vent magmatic column inferred from seismic and acoustic records
Authors: Kondo, Gen Browse this author
Aoyama, Hiroshi Browse this author
Nishimura, Takeshi Browse this author
Ripepe, Maurizio Browse this author
Lacanna, Giorgio Browse this author
Genco, Riccardo Browse this author
Kawaguchi, Ryohei Browse this author
Yamada, Taishi Browse this author
Miwa, Takahiro Browse this author
Fujita, Eisuke Browse this author
Issue Date: 5-Apr-2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Volume: 9
Start Page: 5678
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-42033-z
PMID: 30952885
Abstract: On August 7, 2014, a new effusive vent opened on the northern flank of Stromboli. A characteristic pattern was observed in both seismic and infrasonic signal amplitudes prior to this effusive eruption. The pattern consisted of the repeating cycle: (1) quiet phase, (2) puffing phase, and (3) explosion phase. Correlation between seismic and infrasound signal suggests that pulses in the puffing phase were caused by repetitive bursts of small gas pockets at the central crater, while the explosion phase coincided with an explosion at the central crater. We show that degassing of the magma column occurred in cycles of increasing gas flux, which controlled the transition from a bubbly flow (puffing phase), to a slug flow (explosion phase) gas regime. The quiet phase was characterized by a constant time length of 150 s, indicating that the gas rose in the magma column as well-organized waves of gas layers. These cycles represent cyclic changes of the gas flux regime in the shallow magma column, associated with increases in the magma-gas supply input rate before the effusive eruption.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 青山 裕

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