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Electrochemical performance of a garnet solid electrolyte based lithium metal battery with interface modification

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Title: Electrochemical performance of a garnet solid electrolyte based lithium metal battery with interface modification
Authors: Alexander, George V. Browse this author
Rosero-Navarro, Nataly Carolina Browse this author
Miura, Akira Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tadanaga, Kiyoharu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Murugan, Ramaswamy Browse this author
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2018
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Journal Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume: 6
Issue: 42
Start Page: 21018
End Page: 21028
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/c8ta07652a
Abstract: Garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12 solid electrolyte is a promising candidate for all-solid-state batteries owing to its high lithium ion conductivity (up to 10(-3) S cm(-1)) and chemical stability when in contact with the lithium metal with a wide electrochemical window of 6 V. However, the realization still remains elusive mainly due to the high resistance of the electrode/electrolyte interface at room temperature. Although significant improvements have been made toward accomplishing an effective Li metal parallel to garnet solid electrolyte interface, the cathode parallel to garnet solid electrolyte interface is challenging due to the rigid morphology of the garnet solid electrolyte, and poor conductivity and chemical instability of the cathode materials. Herein we report an effective strategy of lowering the interfacial resistance between LiNi0.33Mn0.33Co0.33O2 (NMC) and Li6.28La3Zr2Al0.24O12 (LLZA) solid electrolytes with a Li2SiO3 (LS) interlayer. The investigation of the NMC parallel to LS-LLZA interface by SEM, adherence test and electrochemical symmetric cell measurement (NMC parallel to LS-LLZA-LS parallel to NMC) revealed that a liquid phase derived Li2SiO3 buffer layer, not only improves the wettability, but also assists the lithium ion conduction to the active material. On the basis of this improved interface, a bulk type all-solid-state and a quasi-solid-state (using a gel polymer electrolyte at the Li parallel to LLZA interface) lithium metal batteries were fabricated with initial discharge capacities of 138 mA h g(-1) (100 degrees C) and 165 mA h g(-1) (25 degrees C) at 10 mA cm(-2) and 100 mA cm(-2) , respectively. The quasi-solid-state battery (NMC parallel to LS-LLZA parallel to GPE parallel to Li) at room temperature displays a capacity retention of 87% over 50 cycles at a higher current density of 100 mA cm(-2).
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: Nataly Carolina Rosero Navarro

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