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Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in the mushroom body of the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus

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Title: Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in the mushroom body of the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus
Authors: Hamanaka, Yoshitaka Browse this author
Mizunami, Makoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Insect
Aversive learning
Prediction error
Kenyon cell
Issue Date: Apr-2019
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Cell and tissue research
Volume: 376
Issue: 1
Start Page: 97
End Page: 111
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00441-018-2969-9
Abstract: The mushroom body of the insect brain participates in processing and integrating multimodal sensory information and in various forms of learning. In the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus, dopamine plays a crucial role in aversive memory formation. However, the morphologies of dopamine neurons projecting to the mushroom body and their potential target neurons, the Kenyon cells, have not been characterized. Golgi impregnations revealed two classes of Kenyon cells (types I and II) and five different types of extrinsic fibers in the mushroom body. Type I cells, which are further divided into two subtypes (types I core and I surface), extend their dendrites into the anterior calyx, whereas type II cells extend many bushy dendritic branches into the posterior calyx. Axons of the two classes bifurcate between the pedunculus and lobes to form the vertical, medial and lobes. Immunocytochemistry to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine biosynthesis, revealed the following four distinct classes of neurons: (1) TH-SLP projecting to the distal vertical lobe; (2) TH-IP1 extending to the medial and lobes; (3) TH-IP2 projecting to the basal vertical lobe; and (4) a multiglomerular projection neuron invading the anterior calyx and the lateral horn (TH-MPN). We previously proposed a model in the field cricket in which the efficiency of synapses from Kenyon cells transmitting a relevant sensory stimulus to output neurons commanding an appropriate behavioral reaction can be modified by dopaminergic neurons mediating aversive signals and here, we provide putative neural substrates for the cricket's aversive learning. These will be instrumental in understanding the principle of aversive memory formation in this model species.
Rights: The final publication is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 水波 誠

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