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RIMB-1/RIM-binding protein and UNC-10/RIM redundantly regulate presynaptic localization of the voltage-gated calcium channel in Caenorhabditis elegans.

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Title: RIMB-1/RIM-binding protein and UNC-10/RIM redundantly regulate presynaptic localization of the voltage-gated calcium channel in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Authors: Kushibiki, Yuto Browse this author
Suzuki, Toshiharu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Jin, Yishi Browse this author
Taru, Hidenori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: active zone
adaptor protein
C. elegans
genetic interaction
voltage-gated calcium channel
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2019
Journal Title: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume: 39
Issue: 44
Start Page: 8617
End Page: 8631
Publisher DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0506-19.2019
PMID: 31530643
Abstract: Presynaptic active zones (AZ) contain many molecules essential for neurotransmitter release and are assembled in a highly organized manner. A network of adaptor proteins known as Cytomatrix at the AZ (CAZ), is important for shaping the structural characteristics of AZ. RIM-binding protein (RBP) family are binding partners of the CAZ protein RIM and also bind the voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC) in mice and flies. Here, we investigated the physiological roles of RIMB-1, the homolog of RBPs in the nematode RIMB-1 is expressed broadly in neurons and predominantly localized at presynaptic sites. Loss-of-function animals of displayed slight defects in motility and response to pharmacological inhibition of synaptic transmission, suggesting a modest involvement of in synapse function. We analyzed genetic interactions of by testing candidate genes and by an unbiased forward genetic screen for enhancer. Both analyses identified the RIM homolog UNC-10 that acts together with RIMB-1 to regulate presynaptic localization of the P/Q-type VGCC UNC-2/Ca2. We also find that the precise localization of RIMB-1 to presynaptic sites requires presynaptic UNC-2/Ca2. RIMB-1 has multiple FN3 and SH3 domains. Our transgenic rescue analysis with RIMB-1 deletion constructs revealed a functional requirement of a C-terminal SH3 in regulating UNC-2/Ca2 localization. Together, these findings suggest a redundant role of RIMB-1/RBP and UNC-10/RIM to regulate the abundance of UNC-2/Ca2 at the presynaptic AZ in , depending on the bidirectional interplay between CAZ adapter and channel proteins.Presynaptic active zones (AZ) are highly organized structures for synaptic transmission with characteristic networks of adapter proteins called Cytomatrix at the AZ (CAZ). In this study, we characterized a CAZ protein RIMB-1, named for RIM-binding protein (RBP), in the nematode Through systematic analyses of genetic interactions and an unbiased genetic enhancer screen of , we revealed a redundant role of two CAZ proteins RIMB-1/RBP and UNC-10/RIM in regulating presynaptic localization of UNC-2/Ca2, a voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) critical for proper neurotransmitter release. Additionally, the precise localization of RIMB-1/RBP requires presynaptic UNC-2/Ca2. These findings provide new mechanistic insight about how the interplay among multiple CAZ adapter proteins and VGCC contributes to the organization of presynaptic AZ.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:薬学研究院 (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 多留 偉功

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