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Determination of Source Models Appropriate for Tsunami Forecasting : Application to Tsunami Earthquakes in Central Sumatra, Indonesia

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/77934

Title: Determination of Source Models Appropriate for Tsunami Forecasting : Application to Tsunami Earthquakes in Central Sumatra, Indonesia
Authors: Ratnasari, Rinda Nita Browse this author
Tanioka, Yuichiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Gusman, Aditya Riadi Browse this author
Keywords: Tsunami earthquake
Central Sumatra
tsunami forecast
tsunami numerical simulation
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Pure and Applied Geophysics
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00024-020-02483-3
Abstract: In the subduction zone off the west coast of central Sumatra, two great earthquakes, the 2007 great Bengkulu earthquake (Mw 8.4) and the 2010 Mentawai tsunami earthquake (Mw 7.8), occurred along the plate interface. Although the moment magnitude of the 2010 earthquake was much smaller than that of the 2007 earthquake, the tsunami heights resulting from the former 2010 earthquake were higher than those resulting from the latter 2007 earthquake, indicating that tsunami heights are difficult to forecast. An advanced method for determining appropriate source models that can explain the tsunami heights along coastal areas is needed for tsunami warning purposes. In this study, fault parameters were estimated from the W-phase inversion, and fault length and width were calculated from suitable scaling relations between those and the magnitude for the 2007 and 2010 earthquakes. Tsunami numerical simulations were conducted using various slip amounts or corresponding rigidities. The best slip amount or corresponding rigidity was selected by comparing the measured and computed tsunami heights. For the 2007 Bengkulu earthquake, the measured tsunami heights are well explained using a rigidity of 3.0 × 1010 Nm−2 (7.59-m slip amount). For the 2010 Mentawai tsunami earthquake, the measured tsunami heights are well explained using a rigidity of 1.5 × 1010 Nm−2 (8.17-m slip amount). From those results, we determined the depth-dependent rigidity relation for Central Sumatra to estimate appropriate source models in our tsunami height forecasting method.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/77934
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 谷岡 勇市郎

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