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A New Simulation Model for Vertical Spiral Ground Heat Exchangers Combining Cylindrical Source Model and Capacity Resistance Model

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Title: A New Simulation Model for Vertical Spiral Ground Heat Exchangers Combining Cylindrical Source Model and Capacity Resistance Model
Authors: Katsura, Takao Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Higashitani, Takashi Browse this author
Fang, Yuzhi Browse this author
Sakata, Yoshitaka Browse this author
Nagano, Katsunori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Akai, Hitoshi Browse this author
Oe, Motoaki Browse this author
Keywords: ground source heat pump system
vertical spiral ground heat exchanger
borehole thermal storage
infinite cylindrical source
capacity resistance model
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Energies
Volume: 13
Issue: 6
Start Page: 1339
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/en13061339
Abstract: Considering the heat capacity inside vertical spiral ground heat exchanger (VSGHEX) in the simulation is one of the most noteworthy challenge to design the ground source heat pump (GSHP) system with VSGHEXs. In this paper, a new simulation model for VSGHEXs is developed by combining the ICS model with the CaRM. The developed simulation model can consider the heat capacity inside VSGHEX and provide dynamic calculation with high speed and appropriate precision. In order to apply the CaRM, the equivalent length was introduced. Then, the equivalent length was approximated by comparing the results of the CaRM and the numerical calculation. In addition, the calculation model of the VSGHEX was integrated into the design and simulation tool for the GSHP system. The accuracy of the tool was verified by comparing with the measurements. The error between supply temperatures of the measurements and calculation is approximately 2 degrees C at the maximum. Finally, assuming GSHP systems with VSGHEXs, whose spiral diameter was 500 mm and depth was 4 m, were installed in residential houses in Japan, the required numbers of VSGHEXs were estimated. The results showed a strong correlation between the total heating or cooling load and the required number. Therefore, the required number can be estimated by using the simplified approximate equation.
Rights: © 2020 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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