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Geometric-phase-induced arbitrary polarization and orbital angular momentum generation in helically twisted birefringent photonic crystal fiber

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Title: Geometric-phase-induced arbitrary polarization and orbital angular momentum generation in helically twisted birefringent photonic crystal fiber
Authors: Fujisawa, Takeshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Saitoh, Kunimasa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2020
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Journal Title: Photonics Research
Volume: 8
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1278
End Page: 1288
Publisher DOI: 10.1364/PRJ.393255
Abstract: The evolutions of polarization and orbital angular momentum (OAM) states of light in helically twisted birefringent photonic crystal fibers (TB-PCFs) are analyzed. It is shown that a circular polarization (CP) component (S-3 of a Stokes parameter) is periodically excited when usual linearly polarized (LP) modes of PCF are launched. The excitation originates from a geometric phase in TB-PCFs. The S-3 excitation is larger for larger linear birefringence for a fixed twisting rate. If the linear birefringence is large enough, a CP filtering behavior can be seen in addition to the S-3 excitation. From the analytical consideration of the sign of the geometric phase, the TB-PCF with periodical inversion of twisting is proposed to generate arbitrary polarization state on the Poincare sphere. Next, an OAM state generation in multimode TB-PCFs is shown for higher-order LP mode input. By observing a far-field interference pattern from TB-PCF mixed with LP01 mode, a vortex associated with the OAM state can be seen. Similar to the single-mode case, by using periodical twisting inversion, efficient OAM generation is possible. These results indicate that by simply launching fiber's LP mode into TB-PCF, arbitrary polarization and OAM states can be generated, leading to a novel mechanism for the manipulation of the spatial state of light. (C) 2020 Chinese Laser Press
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79252
Appears in Collections:情報科学院・情報科学研究院 (Graduate School of Information Science and Technology / Faculty of Information Science and Technology) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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