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Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Produces Zinc Protoporphyrin IX Both Aerobically and Anaerobically and Improves the Bright Red Color of Fermented Meat Products

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Title: Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Produces Zinc Protoporphyrin IX Both Aerobically and Anaerobically and Improves the Bright Red Color of Fermented Meat Products
Authors: Kauser-Ul-Alam, Md. Browse this author
Toba, Yu Browse this author
Hioki, Shoji Browse this author
Hayakawa, Toru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kumura, Haruto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Wakamatsu, Jun-ichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris
dry-cured fermented sausage
improvement of color
zinc protoporphyrin IX
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Foods
Volume: 9
Issue: 11
Start Page: 1583
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/foods9111583
Abstract: This study assessed the color improvement via zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP) formation in nitrite-free, dry-cured sausages processed using five varieties of ZnPP-forming lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The ZnPP contents and color intensity of the sausages and other technological properties were analyzed during the processing of sausages. LAB count and acidity significantly increased in the LAB-inoculated sausages compared to the control group. The bright red color was observed both inside and outside the sausages inoculated with Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris and Leuconostoc lactis. However, a brown color was observed on the surface of the sausage inoculated with Lactobacillus spp. The redness of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris-inoculated sausages was close to that of the nitrite-added group. Moreover, the external bright red color was improved by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris due to the aerobic formation of ZnPP. Therefore, Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris can be used to improve the color of fermented meat products.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/80145
Appears in Collections:北方生物圏フィールド科学センター (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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