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Distribution and cementation characteristics of beachrocks along southern, southwestern and western coast of Sri Lanka

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Title: Distribution and cementation characteristics of beachrocks along southern, southwestern and western coast of Sri Lanka
Authors: Nayanthara, Pahala Ge Nishadi Browse this author
Dassanayake, Anjula Buddhika Nayomi Browse this author
Nakashima, Kazunori Browse this author
Kawasaki, Satoru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Beachrocks
Carbonate cements
Marine phreatic precipitation
Microfabrics and textures
Spectroscopic analysis
Issue Date: Mar-2021
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of sedimentary environments
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Start Page: 93
End Page: 106
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s43217-020-00036-1
Abstract: Beachrocks are sedimentary structures where gravelly or sandy beaches have been transformed into rock outcrops formed through precipitation of connective cements amid their interstices. They are well-noted coastal features along the coastal belt of Sri Lanka due to the prevalent tropical climate. This study was aimed at gathering data on surface nature and cementation characteristics of beachrock occurrences along a part of Sri Lankan shoreline through field observations and a series of analyses including X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques and petrographic thin-section analysis. The combined research findings from different techniques are also employed as a preliminary step to determine the formation mechanism of the studied beachrocks. The seaward-inclined low-angle beds running parallel to present shoreline are composed mostly of sandstone with occasional conglomerate. Almost all the beachrocks are made of quartz grains amalgamated by cement. One remarkable feature of Sri Lankan beachrocks is the presence of heavy minerals generally in thin lamina form. The cementing agents are predominantly composed of metastable carbonate phases, high magnesium calcite (HMC) and aragonite (Ar) with varying microfabrics and textures. From SEM examinations and thin-section images, main morphologies identified are acicular Ar, scalenohedral magnesium calcites along with bridge cements and micritic coatings which are typical of a marine-phreatic precipitation with the exception of occasional meniscus cements. Further, the presence of evidences of living organisms may be an indication of influence from the biological aspects which can be confirmed by more detailed analyses.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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