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Radiometric Calibration for a Multispectral Sensor Onboard RISESAT Microsatellite Based on Lunar Observations

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Title: Radiometric Calibration for a Multispectral Sensor Onboard RISESAT Microsatellite Based on Lunar Observations
Authors: Imai, Masataka Browse this author
Kurihara, Junichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kouyama, Toru Browse this author
Kuwahara, Toshinori Browse this author
Fujita, Shinya Browse this author
Sakamoto, Yuji Browse this author
Sato, Yuji Browse this author
Saitoh, Sei-Ichi Browse this author
Hirata, Takafumi Browse this author
Yamamoto, Hirokazu Browse this author
Takahashi, Yukihiro Browse this author
Keywords: remote sensing
Earth observation
lunar calibration
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Sensors
Volume: 21
Issue: 7
Start Page: 2429
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/s21072429
Abstract: Radiometric calibration utilizing the Moon as a reference source is termed as lunar calibration. It is a useful method for evaluating the performance of optical sensors onboard satellites orbiting the Earth. Lunar calibration provides sufficient radiometric calibration opportunities without requiring any special equipment, and is suitable for nano/microsatellites. This study applies lunar calibration to a multispectral sensor, Ocean Observation Camera (OOC), on board a microsatellite named Rapid International Scientific Experiment Satellite. Simulating the brightness of the Moon based on the RObotic Lunar Observatory and SELENE/Spectrum Profiler models, sensitivity degradation was proven to be negligible in any of the four spectral bands of the OOC with the sensor temperature correction. A bluing trend in the OOC's sensor sensitivity was revealed, indicating a shorter observation wavelength shows larger irradiance. Comparing the top-of-atmosphere reflectance of Railroad Valley Playa with the Radiometric Calibration Network dataset revealed that the derived calibration parameter from the lunar calibration was valid for correcting the bluing trend in the visible range. Although the lunar and vicarious calibration parameters for the infrared band were unexpectedly inconsistent, lunar calibration could potentially contribute toward estimating the contaminated background radiance in the Earth observation images.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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