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Molecular mechanism of the recognition of bacterially cleaved immunoglobulin by the immune regulatory receptor LILRA2

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Title: Molecular mechanism of the recognition of bacterially cleaved immunoglobulin by the immune regulatory receptor LILRA2
Authors: Yamazaki, Rika Browse this author
Furukawa, Atsushi Browse this author
Hirayasu, Kouyuki Browse this author
Yumoto, Kohei Browse this author
Fukuhara, Hideo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Arase, Hisashi Browse this author
Maenaka, Katsumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: cell surface receptor
immunoglobulin G (IgG)
protein-protein interaction
surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
atomic force microscopy (AFM)
immune regulatory receptor
bacterially cleaved immunoglobulin
immune regulation
leukocyte immunoglobulin-like re
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2020
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Journal Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBC)
Volume: 295
Issue: 28
Start Page: 9531
End Page: 9541
Publisher DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.013354
Abstract: Human leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors (LILRs) typically regulate immune activation by binding to the human leukocyte antigen class I molecules. LILRA2, a member of the LILR family, was recently reported to bind to other unique ligands, the bacterially degraded Igs (N-truncated Igs), for the activation of immune cells. Therefore, LILRA2 is currently attracting significant attention as a novel innate immune receptor. However, the detailed recognition mechanisms required for this interaction remain unclear. In this study, using several biophysical techniques, we uncovered the molecular mechanism of N-truncated Ig recognition by LILRA2. Surface plasmon resonance analysis disclosed that LILRA2 specifically binds to N-truncated Ig with weak affinity (K-d= 4.8 ?m) and fast kinetics. However, immobilized LILRA2 exhibited a significantly enhanced interaction with N-truncated Ig due to avidity effects. This suggests that cell surface-bound LILRA2 rapidly monitors and identifies bi- or multivalent abnormal N-truncated Igs through specific cross-linking to induce immune activation. Van't Hoff analysis revealed that this interaction is enthalpy-driven, with a small entropy loss, and results from differential scanning calorimetry indicated the instability of the putative LILRA2-binding site, the Fab region of the N-truncated Ig. Atomic force microscopy revealed that N truncation does not cause significant structural changes in Ig. Furthermore, mutagenesis analysis identified the hydrophobic region of LILRA2 domain 2 as the N-truncated Ig-binding site, representing a novel ligand-binding site for the LILR family. These results provide detailed insights into the molecular regulation of LILR-mediated immune responses targeting ligands that have been modified by bacteria.
Rights: This research was originally published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Yamazaki, Rika et al. Molecular mechanism of the recognition of bacterially cleaved immunoglobulin by the immune regulatory receptor LILRA2. J. Biol. Chem. 2020; 295:9531-9541. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology or © Yamazaki, Rika et al.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:薬学研究院 (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 前仲 勝実

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