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Durability analysis of bio-cemented slope soil under the exposure of acid rain

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Title: Durability analysis of bio-cemented slope soil under the exposure of acid rain
Authors: Gowthaman, Sivakumar Browse this author
Nakashima, Kazunori Browse this author
Kawasaki, Satoru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Microbial-induced carbonate precipitation (MICP)
Slope surface
Long-term performance
Cementation level
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 21
Issue: 8
Start Page: 2831
End Page: 2844
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11368-021-02997-w
Abstract: Purpose Instability of slope surface is a critical concern in Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering. MICP (Microbial-Induced Carbonate Precipitation), an innovative bio-cementation technique, has attracted the attention for slope surface protection. In this work, MICP was investigated to evaluate its durability under the exposure of acid rain and to advance the understanding on long-term performance of slope soil preserved by MICP. Methods MICP treatment was applied to a fine-grained slope soil using indigenous bacteria. Specimens treated to different cementation levels (% CaCO3) were exposed to acid rain (of varying pH) through two sorts of mechanisms: (i) infiltration and (ii) immersion. The evaluations were based on corrosion of CaCO3, mass loss, needle penetration tests, and scanning electron microscopy. Results The decrease in pH increased the corrosion of CaCO3, resulting in considerable loss in aggregate and unconfined compressive strength. However, increased cementation level showed high durability of specimens. The soils treated to 12.5% CaCO3 showed 19.9% soil loss, whereas it was reduced to 5.4% when cemented to 22.5% CaCO3. The results also revealed that the contact time of acid rain significantly governed the rate of corrosion, i.e., specimens subjected to lower infiltration rate (20 mm/h) showed higher loss of mass compared to that of higher rate (100 mm/h). Conclusion The long-term performance of MICP treatment is determined by (i) cementation level, (ii) pH, and (iii) infiltration rate of acid rain. High cementation level promotes the longevity of the treatment. Therefore, MICP to higher cementation level is recommended for long-term preservation of slope surface.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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