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Ignition control in a gasoline compression ignition engine with ozone addition combined with a two-stage direct-injection strategy

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Title: Ignition control in a gasoline compression ignition engine with ozone addition combined with a two-stage direct-injection strategy
Authors: Kobashi, Y. Browse this author
Wang, Y. Browse this author
Shibata, G. Browse this author
Ogawa, H. Browse this author
Naganuma, K. Browse this author
Keywords: Gasoline compression ignition engine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Fuel
Volume: 249
Start Page: 154
End Page: 160
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.03.101
Abstract: To control the ignition timing in a gasoline compression ignition (GCI) engine, ozone (O-3) was introduced into the intake air. The O-radicals are decomposed from the O-3 above 550 K during the compression stroke, and combine into oxygen (O-2) in a very short time. The authors adopted two-stage direct injection to mix the fuel injected into the cylinder at very early timings with the O-radicals, before a reduction of the O-radicals would take place. The ignition timing of the second fuel injection for the main combustion is controlled by the heat release from the first fuel injection. In this paper, engine experiments were performed to examine the feasibility of the ignition control with a primary reference fuel, octane number 90 (PRF90). The O-3 concentration, the quantity, and the timing of the first injection were changed as experimental parameters. The results showed that a very small quantity of O-3, tens of ppm, is sufficient to promote the heat release of the first injected fuel. The heat release increases with the O-3 concentration and the quantity of fuel in the first injection. The addition of O-3 has no other impact on the ignition when the first injection timing is retarded to around - 40 degrees CA ATDC. In this manner, it is possible to control the ignition delays and to alter the combustion state from typical diesel combustion to premixed compression ignition combustion.
Rights: © <2019>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小橋 好充

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