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国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル = The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies >
No.32 >


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Title: 直示と参照から見直す日本語「時副詞」の用法
Other Titles: Analysis of Particle NI Attached to Temporal Expressions from Deictic and Contextual Points of View
Authors: 山下, 好孝1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Yamashita,Yoshitaka1
Issue Date: 22-Apr-2021
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院
Journal Title: 国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
Journal Title(alt): The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies
Volume: 32
Start Page: 81
End Page: 90
Abstract: In Japanese, the particle NI is generally appended to a noun indicating the time of occurrence of an action. But some time expressions do not occur with NI. In this article we propose two types of temporal expressions, deictic and contextual, in order to explain co-occurrence with NI Deictic time expressions are nouns like the following: 1) KYOO (today), KINOO (yesterday), ASHITA (tomorrow), RAIGETSU (next month) etc. Contextual time expressions are nouns like the following which require reference points: 2) 6-JI (6 o'clock), 3-GATSU (March), 2020-NEN (2020) etc. The following expressions are included as contextual time expressions because they suggest reference points: 3) GETSUYOOBI (Monday), TANJOOBI (birthday), HARU (Spring) etc. We argue that only contextual time expressions can be followed by NI, and that deictic time expressions are also considered as contextual in contrastive environments: 4) ASHITA-NI-WA , ASHITA-NI-MO (even tomorrow). Deictic time expressions can also be considered as contextual when they are placed in a schedule: 5) RAIGETSU-NI (in the next month). Finally we compare time expressions in Japanese and Portuguese to support the distinction of these two types of expressions.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル = The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies > No.32

Submitter: 山下 好孝

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