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Integrative taxonomy of Pseudolepeophtheirus longicauda (Crustacea: Copepoda: Caligidae) parasitic on Platichthys stellatus (Actinopterygii: Pleuronectidae)

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Title: Integrative taxonomy of Pseudolepeophtheirus longicauda (Crustacea: Copepoda: Caligidae) parasitic on Platichthys stellatus (Actinopterygii: Pleuronectidae)
Authors: Homma, Riko Browse this author
Uyeno, Daisuke Browse this author
Kakui, Keiichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Siphonostomatoida
Sea lice
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Parasitology International
Volume: 78
Start Page: 102135
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102135
Abstract: Based on specimens from the gill cavities of one Platichthys stellatus individual collected in the Sea of Japan, we investigated the taxonomic status of the enigmatic caligid genus Pseudolepeophtheirus and its type species, Pseudolepeophtheirus longicauda. In a maximum likelihood (ML) tree based on 18S rRNA gene sequences, the sequence from our sample was nested in a well-supported Lepeophtheirus clade, along with the type species, confirming that Pseudolepeophtheirus should be considered a junior synonym of Lepeophtheirus; our morphological data support this synonymy. Although a previous study had synonymized Pseudolepeophtheirus longicauda with Lepeophtheirus parvicruris, we found that the former differs morphologically from the latter in having a short leg-4 exopod, with the articulation between the first and second segments not evident (the shape of the posterior striated membrane on the leg-2 intercoxal sclerite also differs between two species), and detected slight differences in 18S rRNA sequences between two taxa. We thus concluded that this synonymy is invalid, and reinstate Lepeophtheirus longicauda as a valid species. A ML analysis of COI sequences from Pl. stellatus (the host fish for both L. longicauda and L. parvicruris) showed the host species to comprise distinct northwestern- and northeastern-Pacific clades. Lepeophtheirus longicauda is distributed in the northwestern Pacific and L. parvicruris in the northeastern Pacific, indicating co-divergence of the two copepod species with the host lineages.
Rights: ©2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 角井 敬知

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