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Energy conservation using new structured-core and transparent vacuum insulation panels: Numerical simulation with experimental validation

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Title: Energy conservation using new structured-core and transparent vacuum insulation panels: Numerical simulation with experimental validation
Authors: Katsura, Takao Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Radwan, Ali Browse this author
Yang, Zhang Browse this author
Nakamura, Makoto Browse this author
Nagano, Katsunori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Vacuum insulation panel
Structured-core and transparent
Retrofitting insulation
Surface-to-surface radiation
3D modelling
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Solar energy
Volume: 193
Start Page: 885
End Page: 905
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2019.09.083
Abstract: The rate of heat gain or heat loss from the windows of existing buildings represents a large portion of building energy consumption in harsh hot or cold regions, respectively. Therefore, several thermal insulation technologies have been applied in new buildings. However, these technologies are difficult to implement in existing buildings. Therefore, this study proposes a new, low-cost insulation method using slim, transparent panels with structured cores, for the windows of existing buildings. To do this, five new distinct designs of vacuum insulation panels (VIPs) are proposed to retrofit insulation for the windows of existing buildings. The VIPs comprise a hollow-frame structured-core material encapsulated in a transparent multi-layered polymeric envelope. The effective thermal conductivity of VIPs with different spacers, namely, peek, modified peek, mesh, silica aerogel, and frame, are evaluated at different pressure levels. The spacers are 3D-printed and experimentally-examined. A 3D thermal model is developed and validated using the experimental results of the present work and results from the literature. First, the influences of spacer structure and vacuum pressure on the centre-of-panel thermal conductivity, light transparency, and VIP production costs are evaluated. Second, three different trial manufacturing methods for these VIPs are proposed and compared. Finally, the annual building heat gain and heat loss in two different harsh hot and cold regions, respectively, in Japan are estimated while applying these new proposed VIP designs to the existing windows. The results indicate that VIPs with frame and mesh spacers accomplish better insulation performance, with a centre-of-panel thermal conductivity of 7 x 10(-3) W/m K at a pressure of 1 Pa. Further, the VIP with the peek spacer accomplishes the highest light transparency (0.88). Furthermore, using a frame-type VIP with a total thickness of 3 mm attached to an existing window as a curtain decreases the space heat loss by approximately 69.5%, whereas the light transparency decreases to 75%. In that regard, using a frame-type VIP attached to 3 mm-glass windows decreases window insulation costs by 72% compared with vacuum glazing thermal insulation.
Rights: © <2019>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 葛 隆生

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