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Dynamics of Nutrients and Colored Dissolved Organic Matter Absorption in a Wetland-Influenced Subarctic Coastal Region of Northeastern Japan: Contributions From Mariculture and Eelgrass Meadows

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Title: Dynamics of Nutrients and Colored Dissolved Organic Matter Absorption in a Wetland-Influenced Subarctic Coastal Region of Northeastern Japan: Contributions From Mariculture and Eelgrass Meadows
Authors: Isada, Tomonori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Abe, Hiroya Browse this author
Kasai, Hiromi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakaoka, Masahiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM)
inherent optical properties (IOPs)
Secchi disk
blue carbon
optically complex coastal waters
Issue Date: 11-Oct-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume: 8
Start Page: 711832
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.711832
Abstract: Coastal oceans interacting with terrestrial ecosystems play an important role in biogeochemical cycles. It is therefore essential to research land-ocean interactions for further understanding of the processes influencing nutrients dynamics in coastal areas. We investigated the seasonal and spatial distribution of nutrient concentrations and light absorption coefficients of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), non-algal particles (NAP), and phytoplankton in a wetland-influenced river-eelgrass meadows-coastal waters continuum in the protected and semi-enclosed coastal sea of Akkeshi-ko estuary (AKE) and Akkeshi Bay (AB), Japan from April 2014 to February 2015. The mixing dilution lines of the CDOM absorption coefficient at 355 nm [a(CDOM)(355)] relative to salinity predicted by two end-members between freshwater and coastal water showed conservative mixing in AB. Silicate concentrations were significantly correlated with salinity and a(CDOM)(355) in AB in each month except for December 2014. These results suggest that silicate and CDOM in AB primarily originates from wetland-influenced river discharge. However, samples collected from the eelgrass meadows of AKE, where mariculture is developed, showed non-conservative mixing of silicate concentrations and a(CDOM)(355) with salinity except for June 2014. Elevated phosphate concentrations, probably released from sediments, were also found in the eelgrass meadows of AKE, especially during summer. These results suggest that the metabolic activities of mariculture and seagrass ecosystem significantly contribute to the nutrient cycles and CDOM absorption in AKE and to the distinct water-mass systems inside and outside AKE. The relative absorption properties of NAP [a(NAP)(443)], phytoplankton [a(ph)(443)], and a(CDOM)(443) showed that CDOM is the main factor affecting the light distribution in AKE. However, the relative absorption properties varied seasonally in AB because of spring and autumn phytoplankton blooms and ice cover during winter. Significant relationships were observed between the Secchi disk depth (Z(SD)), a(NAP)(443), and a(CDOM)(443). Chl a concentration and a(ph)(443) were not good indicators for predicting Z(SD) in our study region. These results suggest that incorporating inherent optical properties and CDOM from mariculture and seagrass ecosystem into ecosystem models could improve predictions of light distribution along the freshwater-eelgrass-coastal waters continuum in optically complex coastal waters.</p>
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北方生物圏フィールド科学センター (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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