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Massive core/star formation triggered by cloud-cloud collision : Effect of magnetic field

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Title: Massive core/star formation triggered by cloud-cloud collision : Effect of magnetic field
Authors: Sakre, Nirmit Browse this author
Habe, Asao Browse this author
Pettitt, Alex R. Browse this author
Okamoto, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: ISM: clouds
ISM: magnetic fields
stars: formation
stars: massive
Issue Date: Jan-2021
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal Title: Publications of the astronomical society of Japan
Volume: 73
Start Page: S385
End Page: S404
Publisher DOI: 10.1093/pasj/psaa059
Abstract: We study the effect of magnetic field on massive dense core formation in colliding unequal molecular clouds by performing magnetohydrodynamic simulations with sub-parsec resolution (0.015 pc) that can resolve the molecular cores. Initial clouds with the typical gas density of the molecular clouds are immersed in various uniform magnetic fields. The turbulent magnetic fields in the clouds consistent with the observation by Crutcher et al. (2010, ApJ, 725, 466) are generated by the internal turbulent gas motion before the collision, if the uniform magnetic field strength is 4.0 mu G. The collision speed of 10 km s(-1) is adopted, which is much larger than the sound speeds and the Alfven speeds of the clouds. We identify gas clumps with gas densities greater than 5 x 10(-20) g cm(-3) as the dense cores and trace them throughout the simulations to investigate their mass evolution and gravitational boundness. We show that a greater number of massive, gravitationally bound cores are formed in the strong magnetic field (4.0 mu G) models than the weak magnetic field (0.1 mu G) models. This is partly because the strong magnetic field suppresses the spatial shifts of the shocked layer that should be caused by the nonlinear thin shell instability. The spatial shifts promote the formation of low-mass dense cores in the weak magnetic field models. The strong magnetic fields also support low-mass dense cores against gravitational collapse. We show that the numbers of massive, gravitationally bound cores formed in the strong magnetic field models are much larger than in the isolated, non-colliding cloud models, which are simulated for comparison. We discuss the implications of our numerical results on massive star formation.
Rights: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan following peer review. The version of record Volume 73, Issue Supplement_1, January 2021, Pages S385–S404, is available online at:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 岡本 崇

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