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Geomechanical analysis of formation deformation and permeability enhancement due to low-temperature CO2 injection in subsurface oil reservoirs

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Title: Geomechanical analysis of formation deformation and permeability enhancement due to low-temperature CO2 injection in subsurface oil reservoirs
Authors: Khurshid, Ilyas Browse this author
Fujii, Yoshiaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: CO2 injection
Formation temperature
Temperature reduction
Formation contraction
Thermal cracks
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production
Volume: 11
Issue: 4
Start Page: 1915
End Page: 1923
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s13202-021-01133-1
Abstract: Several benefits of CO2 injection are reported in the literature such as its ability to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and the increase in oil recovery at a low cost. However, the correlated reservoir-engineering problems with low-temperature CO2 injection including formation damage and leakage risk are still uncertain and has not been comprehensively investigated. This research examines the effect of low-temperature CO2 on lowering of formation breakdown pressure, and the associated formation damage from a geomechanical prospective. This study presents the coupling of the equilibrium stress equation, the system energy balance equation, continuity equation, and saturation equation to develop thermoporoelastic model for the reservoir rock. We determined the cooling-induced formation damage due to decrease in temperature and thermal stresses, formation contraction and tensile stresses, and examine its effects on formation properties, stresses, joint and fracture stability. We observed that low-temperature CO2 would create a low thermal stress region and thus the formation could fail in tension. This process might increase formation permeability but it would decrease the stability of reservoir, basement and caprock. We analyzed several factors affecting formation deformation such as injection rate for both miscible and immiscible CO2 flooding, formation porosity, depth, temperature, and formation breakdown pressure. We also compared our results and findings with experimental data, finding excellent match and similar consequences. Furthermore, as a sequence of low-temperature CO2 injection, the initial formation breakdown pressure was initially at 2560 psi and it reduced to 1928 for immiscible case and 1270 psi for miscible case in the selected case study. We also propose that shallow reservoirs should be avoided for CO2 capture and storage because of stability issues.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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