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Visual Experiences without Presentational Phenomenology

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Title: Visual Experiences without Presentational Phenomenology
Authors: Miyazono, Kengo Browse this author
Issue Date: 13-Dec-2021
Publisher: Michigan Publishing
Journal Title: Ergo : An Open Access Journal of Philosophy
Volume: 8
Start Page: 551
End Page: 576
Publisher DOI: 10.3998/ergo.1156
Abstract: A number of philosophers daim that visual experiences have a peculiar phenomenal character that is "presentational". According to what I call the "Visual Presentationality Thesis", this peculiar phenomenal character, presentational phenomenology, is not merely a contingent feature but is a necessary feature of visual experiences. Necessarily, visual experiences have presentational phenomenology. The main aim of this paper is to argue against the Visual Presentationality Thesis. I refute the Visual Presentationality Thesis by giving some counterexamples to it. In particular, I give counterexamples from derealization, which is a psychopathological condition that is characterized by the subjective impression of unreality or detachment from one's surroundings. Derealization is a condition in which patients have visual experiences without presentational phenomenology. I defend this hypothesis about derealization on the basis of an inference to the best explanation; this hypothesis provides the best explanation of (otherwise puzzling) subjective reports by patients with derealization.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:文学院・文学研究院 (Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences / Faculty of Humanities and Human Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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