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Ups and downs of non-native and native stream-dwelling salmonids: Lessons from two contrasting rivers

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Title: Ups and downs of non-native and native stream-dwelling salmonids: Lessons from two contrasting rivers
Authors: Morita, Kentaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: habitat fragmentation
introduced species
longitudinal distribution
niche partitioning
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2022
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Journal Title: Ecological research
Volume: 37
Issue: 2
Start Page: 188
End Page: 196
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/1440-1703.12288
Abstract: Freshwater rivers and lakes are particularly vulnerable to anthropogenic disturbance because of their proximity to human occupation. Anthropogenic impacts in fresh water include those caused by dams, water pollution, channelization, and invasive species. One common action to conserve freshwater biodiversity involves supplementing or reintroducing extirpated species, though the benefits of these efforts are controversial. Installation of fishways to dams and removal of invasive alien species has also resulted in recovery of native species. Herein results of long-term monitoring of salmonids in two rivers in Japan are presented. The first case involves a river above a dam where native white-spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis and masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou declined rapidly in number following dam construction, where non-native rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and brown trout Salmo trutta increased in number, and where stocking of native masu salmon was unsuccessful. The second case involves a river formerly dominated by non-native rainbow trout, in which native Dolly Varden charr Salvelinus curilus and masu salmon increased in numbers following removal of non-native species and fishway installation. Results reveal natural recovery of masu salmon in a river within which they were once completely extirpated, without stocking. Because salmonids are migratory fish and return to natal rivers, when locally extinct, human intervention to stock or reintroduce them has often been deemed necessary. However, restoration of wildlife would not require stocking or reintroduction if factors that impede the self-recovery capability of species are removed.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北方生物圏フィールド科学センター (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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