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An experimental study on oxygen isotope exchange reaction between CAI melt and low-pressure water vapor under simulated Solar nebular conditions

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Title: An experimental study on oxygen isotope exchange reaction between CAI melt and low-pressure water vapor under simulated Solar nebular conditions
Authors: Yamamoto, Daiki Browse this author
Kawasaki, Noriyuki Browse this author
Tachibana, Shogo Browse this author
Kamibayashi, Michiru Browse this author
Yurimoto, Hisayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Oxygen isotope exchange
Ca-Al-rich inclusion melt
Water vapor
Protosolar disk
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Geochimica et cosmochimica acta
Volume: 314
Start Page: 108
End Page: 120
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2021.09.016
Abstract: Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) are known as the oldest high-temperature mineral assemblages of the Solar Sys-tem. The CAIs record thermal events that occurred during the earliest epochs of the Solar System formation in the form of heterogeneous oxygen isotopic distributions between and within their constituent minerals. Here, we explored the kinetics of oxygen isotope exchange during partial melting events of CAIs by conducting oxygen isotope exchange experiments between type B CAI-like silicate melt and 18O-enriched water vapor (PH2O = 5 x 10-2 Pa) at 1420 degrees C. We found that the oxygen iso-tope exchange between CAI melt and water vapor proceeds at competing rates with surface isotope exchange and self -diffusion of oxygen in the melt under the experimental conditions. The 18O concentration profiles were well fitted with the three-dimensional spherical diffusion model with a time-dependent surface concentration. We determined the self-diffusion coefficient of oxygen to be-1.62 x 10-11 m2 s-1, and the oxygen isotope exchange efficiency on the melt surface was found to be-0.28 in colliding water molecules. These kinetic parameters suggest that oxygen isotope exchange rate between cm -sized CAI melt droplets and water vapor is dominantly controlled by the supply of water molecules to the melt surface at PH2O < 10-2 Pa and by self-diffusion of oxygen in the melt at PH2O >-1 Pa at temperatures above the melilite liquidus (1420-1540 degrees C). To form type B CAIs containing 16O-poor melilite by oxygen isotope exchange between CAI melt and disk water vapor, the CAIs should have been heated for at least a few days at PH2O > 10-2 Pa above temperatures of the melilite liquidus in the protosolar disk. The larger timescale of oxygen isotopic equilibrium between CAI melt and H2O compared to that between H2O and CO in the gas phase suggests that the bulk oxygen isotopic compositions of ambient gas at-1400 degrees C in the type B CAI-forming region is preserved in the oxygen isotopic compositions of type B CAI melilite. Based on the observed oxygen isotopic composition, we suggest that a typical type B1 CAI (TS34) from Allende was cooled at a rate of-0.1-0.5 K h-1 during fassaite crystallization. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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