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Action selection based on multiple-stimulus aspects in wind-elicited escape behavior of crickets

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Title: Action selection based on multiple-stimulus aspects in wind-elicited escape behavior of crickets
Authors: Sato, Nodoka Browse this author
Shidara, Hisashi Browse this author
Ogawa, Hiroto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Decision-making
Motor performance
Oriented behavior
Issue Date: Jan-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Heliyon
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Start Page: e08800
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e08800
PMID: 35111985
Abstract: Escape behavior is essential for animals to avoid attacks by predators. In some species, multiple escape responses could be employed. However, it remains unknown what aspects of threat stimuli affect the choice of an escape response. We focused on two distinct escape responses (running and jumping) to short airflow in crickets and examined the effects of multiple stimulus aspects including the angle, velocity, and duration on the choice between these responses. The faster and longer the airflow, the more frequently the crickets jumped. This meant that the choice of an escape response depends on both the velocity and duration of the stimulus and suggests that the neural basis for choosing an escape response includes the integration process of multiple stimulus parameters. In addition, the moving speed and distance changed depending on the stimulus velocity and duration for running but not for jumping. Running away would be more adaptive escape behavior.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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