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国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル = The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies >
No.34 >


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Title: 直示と参照の観点から見直す日本語の敬語動詞の用法
Other Titles: Analysis of Japanese Honorific Verbs from Deictic and Contextual Points of View
Authors: 山下, 好孝1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): YAMASHITA, Yoshitaka1
Issue Date: 22-Apr-2022
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院
Journal Title: 国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
Journal Title(alt): The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies
Volume: 34
Start Page: 47
End Page: 59
Abstract: In Japanese there are special verb forms which show the speaker's respect to the listener or the person being referred to: respectful verbs and humble verbs. This study aims to analyze the use of these verbs from deictic and contextual points of view. As for respectful verb forms there are three types: RERU type, NARU type and special types. In deictic situations, where the speaker and the hearer communicate with each other, the RERU type is not preferred. By contrast, in contextual situations where third person respected participants are introduced, RERU type verbs are used. In the case of humble verbs, there are two types: SURU type and special types. Within special types, two subtypes are recognized: humble form 1 and humble form 2 including MOOSU, ORU, ITASU, MAIRU, ZONJIRU and GOZARU. Humble form 2 verbs are used in deictic situations and only in polite style sentences. Finally I recommend that at the beginner level of Japanese, O / GO ~ NI NARU and O / GO ~ SURU type verb forms should be avoided and ~ NASARU and ~ ITASU forms preferred.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル = The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies > No.34

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