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Modular symmetry in the SMEFT

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Title: Modular symmetry in the SMEFT
Authors: Kobayashi, Tatsuo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Otsuka, Hajime Browse this author
Tanimoto, Morimitsu Browse this author
Yamamoto, Kei Browse this author
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2022
Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)
Journal Title: Physical Review D
Volume: 105
Issue: 5
Start Page: 055022
Publisher DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.105.055022
Abstract: We study the modular symmetric standard model effective field theory. We employ the stringy Ansatz on coupling structure that 4-point couplings y((4)) of matter fields are written by a product of 3-point couplings y((3)) of matter fields, i.e., y((4)) = y((3))y((3)). In this framework, we discuss the flavor structure of bilinear fermion operators and 4-fermion operators, where the holomorphic and antiholomorphic modular forms appear. From the Ansatz, the A(4) modular-invariant semileptonic four-fermion operator [(E) over bar (R)Gamma E-R][(D) over bar (R)Gamma D-R] does not lead to the flavor changing (FC) processes since this operator would be constructed in terms of gauge couplings g as y((3)) similar to g. The chirality flipped bilinear operator [(D) over bar (R)Gamma D-L] also does not lead FC if the mediated mode corresponds to the Higgs boson H-d. In this case, the flavor structure of this operator is the exactly same as the mass matrix. On the other hand, if the flavor structure of the operator is not the exactly same as the mass matrix, the situation would change drastically. Then, we obtain the nontrivial relations of FC transitions at nearby fixed points tau = i, omega, i infinity, which are testable in the future. As an application, we discuss the relations of the lepton flavor violation processes mu -> e gamma, tau -> mu gamma and tau -> e gamma at nearby tau(e) = i, where the successful lepton mass matrix was obtained. We also study the flavor changing 4-quark operators in the A(4) modular symmetry of quarks. As a result, the minimal flavor violation could be realized by taking relevant specific parameter sets of order one.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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