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Effects of the glacial meltwater supply on carbonate chemistry in Bowdoin Fjord, Northwestern Greenland

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Title: Effects of the glacial meltwater supply on carbonate chemistry in Bowdoin Fjord, Northwestern Greenland
Authors: Horikawa, Takahito Browse this author
Nomura, Daiki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kanna, Naoya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Fukamachi, Yasushi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sugiyama, Shin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: carbonate chemistry
Issue Date: 22-Jul-2022
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume: 9
Start Page: 873860
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2022.873860
Abstract: To understand the effects of the glacial meltwater supply on carbonate chemistry and the air-sea CO2 flux within the fjord, water samples were collected in Bowdoin Fjord in northwestern Greenland for dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentration, total alkalinity (TA), oxygen isotopic ratio (delta O-18), and chlorophyll a concentration analyses in the summers of 2016 and 2017. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO(2)) in surface water, calculated from DIC and TA, was less than 200 mu atm, and was significantly lower than that in the atmosphere (399 +/- 3 mu atm). Therefore, surface water of the fjord acts as sink for CO2 in the atmosphere (-4.9 +/- 0.7 mmol m(-2) d(-1)). To evaluate the effects of freshwater and land-derived substances by glacial meltwater on pCO(2) in the fjord, we calculated the changes of pCO(2) in salinity and carbonate chemistry that would result from the inflow of glacial meltwater into the fjord. The calculated pCO(2) was high near the calving front, where the contribution of glacier meltwater was significant. Examination of the relationship between salinity-normalized DIC and TA, which was considered DIC and TA input from the land, suggested that the land-derived high pCO(2) freshwater affected mainly by the remineralization of the organic matter by bacterial activity was supplied to the Bowdoin Fjord.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北方生物圏フィールド科学センター (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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