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A flexible stochastic PV hosting capacity framework considering network over-voltage tolerance

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Title: A flexible stochastic PV hosting capacity framework considering network over-voltage tolerance
Authors: Esau, Zulu Browse this author
Ryoichi, Hara Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hiroyuki, Kita Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Deterministic
Probabilistic load flow
PV hosting capacity
Monte-Carlo simulation
Issue Date: Mar-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Energy Reports
Volume: 9
Issue: Supplement 1
Start Page: 529
End Page: 538
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.egyr.2022.11.101
Abstract: Integration of PV resources in distribution networks has become a world-wide trend. This has been necessitated by the ever-decreasing photovoltaic (PV) technology cost and the need for clean, carbon-emission-free power generation. Furthermore, the current situation which has resulted in high oil and gas prices has paved extra way for more integration of renewable energy (REs) technologies such as solar PV and wind. However, high proliferation of PV power has several negative effects for the grid. For example, there is a high likelihood of over-voltage occurrences in the network, potential reverse power flow (which can affect protection system operation) and line congestion which may lead to thermal capitulation of conductors and cables. It is, therefore, important to establish the limit of PV that can be injected in the network without stretching the system operating performance indicators into extreme violation, here-in called the PV hosting capacity (PVHC). PV hosting capacity is estimated either by deterministic means or by stochastic methods. Deterministic methods are very good at obtaining the siting and optimal sizing of mega PV plants. The weakness of deterministic methods is that they do not incorporate uncertainty in the load demand nor the uncertainty in the PV output. Thus, their models are mostly unrealistic. The stochastic methods are very good at incorporating uncertainties and model the system input random variables in a more realistic way. However, stochastic methods also suffer from unrealistically too many scenarios to be considered for an accurate analysis. This results in a huge computational burden and large memory requirement. Furthermore, in most of these estimations, the voltage limit is set as a hard constraint for estimating the PVHC. In this paper, we propose a 2-stage method employing both the deterministic and the stochastic approaches. The deterministic stage is used to obtain the optimum PV plant locations and the optimum sizing ratios. The stochastic stage is used for incorporating uncertainty in the input random variables. We also propose the use of probabilistic voltage violation framework to explore extra PV installation for slight voltage violation tolerant feeders or networks. This is then used to obtain output probabilistic maximum node voltages for different PV sizes, which are used to estimate the PV hosting capacity of a network. The efficacy and validity of the approach is demonstrated through numerical simulations conducted on IEEE test distribution networks. (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Type: article
Appears in Collections:情報科学院・情報科学研究院 (Graduate School of Information Science and Technology / Faculty of Information Science and Technology) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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