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11号 >

不確実性をめぐる科学者間コミュニケーションと制度知 : 遺伝子組換え食品の安全性評価を例に

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Title: 不確実性をめぐる科学者間コミュニケーションと制度知 : 遺伝子組換え食品の安全性評価を例に
Other Titles: Communication among Experts Regarding Uncertainty and Role of Institutional Knowledge : A Case Study of Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Food
Authors: 畠山, 華子1 Browse this author
立川, 雅司2 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Hatakeyama, Hanako1
Tachikawa, Masashi2
Keywords: regulatory science
science communication
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Publisher: 北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
Journal Title: 科学技術コミュニケーション
Journal Title(alt): Japanese Journal of Science Communication
Volume: 11
Start Page: 18
End Page: 27
Abstract: Purpose of the paper is to elucidate various factors which lead to settlement of arguments among scientists in the context of regulatory science (safety assessment) using a case of a transgenic crop showing drought tolerance. The transgenic crop was regarded as a new type of GMO and posing scientific uncertainty. Novel assessment techniques (Omics) were proposed to use to assess the safety of the crop. While seemed promising at first, after discussing various aspects of the method, the GM Food Safety committee finally decided not to adopt the technique at that time. Minutes of the meeting of the Committee and interviews to related scientists were analyzed to understand the process to reach the conclusion. It is observed that the discussion among scientists has reached consensus through taking into account various kinds of knowledge, not only purely scientific but also institutional one, such as chronological consistency. Under the context of regulatory science, this latter type of knowledge (institutional knowledge) are accumulated within the committee and applied to the issue which constitutes a crucial factor to bring closure of the discussion. Science communication would need to take a harder look at this fairly neglected area, and foster the public to understand this aspect of science in action.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:科学技術コミュニケーション = Japanese Journal of Science Communication > 11号

Submitter: 『科学技術コミュニケーション』編集委員会

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