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Ab initio calculations of Hc2 in type-II superconductors: Basic formalism and model calculations

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タイトル: Ab initio calculations of Hc2 in type-II superconductors: Basic formalism and model calculations
著者: Kita, Takafumi 著作を一覧する
Arai, Masao 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2004年
出版者: American Physical Society
誌名: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
巻: 70
開始ページ: 224522
出版社 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.224522
抄録: Detailed Fermi-surface structures are essential to describe the upper critical field Hc2 in type-II superconductors, as first noticed by and Hohenberg and Werthamer [Phys. Rev. 153, 493 (1967)] and shown explicitly by Butler for high-purity cubic Niobium [Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 1516 (1980)]. We derive an Hc2 equation for classic type-II superconductors that is applicable to systems with anisotropic Fermi surfaces and/or energy gaps under arbitrary field directions. It can be solved efficiently by using Fermi surfaces from ab initio electronic-structure calculations. Thus, it is expected to enhance our quantitative understanding on Hc2. Based on the formalism, we calculate Hc2 curves for Fermi surfaces of a three-dimensional tight-binding model with cubic symmetry, an isotropic gap, and no impurity scatterings. It is found that, as the Fermi surface approaches to the Brillouin zone boundary, the reduced critical field h*(T/Tc), which is normalized by the initial slope at Tc, is enhanced significantly over the curve for the spherical Fermi surface with a marked upward curvature. Thus, the Fermi-surface anisotropy can be a main source of the upward curvature in Hc2 near Tc.
Rights: Copyright © 2004 American Physical Society
Relation (URI): http://www.aps.org/
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/5739
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 北 孝文

 

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