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Evaluation of Water Vapour Diffusion in Mchenga Sandstone

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Title: Evaluation of Water Vapour Diffusion in Mchenga Sandstone
Authors: Yasidu, Umali Muhammad Browse this author
Fujii, Yoshiaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kodama, Jun-ichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Fukuda, Daisuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Dandadzi, Johnson Browse this author
Keywords: Coal Mines in Malawi
Roof falls
Vapour diffusion
Tensile strength
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2017
Publisher: 資源・素材学会
Journal Title: MMIJ Fall Meeting 2017
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Start Page: PY2-78
Abstract: There are seven coalfields spread across Malawi, with four coalfields of bituminous coal located in the Northern Region where underground mining is done. One of the major challenges facing these coal mines is occurrence of hanging roof falls after the rainy season. It was clarified that the humidity was highest in April and May underground and that tensile strength of roof rocks decreased with environment humidity. To evaluate the extent of weakened zone around the roadways with time, water vapour diffusion in coal bearing rocks; arkose sandstone and fine-grained sandstone from Mchenga and Kaziwiziwi underground coal mines in the Livingstonia coalfield; was studied aiming to clarify the influencing factor of roof falls and to propose countermeasures against the roof falls. Rock samples from the mine were oven dried at 80°C for seven days, jacketed using heat shrinkable tubing and oven dried again for three days. The specimens were then treated in high humidity achieved by pure water in isothermal condition (22°C) in accordance with ASTM E96/E96M-16 water method. For comparison, Japanese Neogene tuffaceous Kimachi sandstone was also tested following the same procedure. The results of diffusion coefficient evaluations and numerical simulation will be shown.
Description: MMIJ Fall Meeting 2017, Sept. 26-28 2017, Sapporo, Japan (資源・素材2017(札幌): 平成29年度資源・素材関係学協会合同秋季大会, 2017年9月26日~28日, 北海道大学, 札幌市)
Conference Name: MMIJ Fall Meeting
資源・素材2017(札幌): 平成29年度資源・素材関係学協会合同秋季大会
Conference Place: Sapporo
Type: proceedings
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 藤井 義明

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